Model United Nations
Model United Nations, also known as Model UN or MUN, is an extra-curricular activity in which students role-play delegates to the United Nations and simulate UN councils or General Assembly committees. Every delegate is assigned a country, organization or NGO, the policy and political stand of which he or she will have to correctly and effectively portray during the conference. MUN conferences are organized by a high school or college MUN club. At the end of most conferences, outstanding delegates in each committee are recognized and given an award certificate; the Best Delegate in each committee, however, receives a medal. Tens of thousands of high school and college students across the world participate in MUNs, which involves substantial researching, public speaking, debating, and writing skills, as well as critical thinking, teamwork, and leadership abilities.
At MUNOB, we usually simulate three main committees of the General Assembly, four councils and a UN agency. The layout changes over the years, as the conference, as well as world politics, evolve. The forums we have so far represented are the following:
Main Committee I - Disarmament and International Security
This committee tackles issues such as fighting development of terrorist groups in post Arab Spring countries, accelerating the global nuclear disarmament, or the Taliban problem in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
Main Committee III - Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Committee
This committee deals with issues such as preservation of cultural heritage in Middle Eastern conflict zones, the perpetual eradication of the Ebola pandemic or the high infant mortality rate in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Main Committee IV - Special Political and Decolonization Committee
Members of this committee discuss issues such as monitoring and ensuring unbiased election in LEDCs or developing regulation regarding the increasing number of refugees.
The Security Council
This is a very important body of the UN and only has 10 elected members with a two-year term and five permanent members (USA, France, UK, PR of China and The Russian Federation) which hold the veto right. It tackles issues that are most important in terms of international security such as the territorial conflicts in the South China Sea or the conflict in Yemen.
ECOSOC- Economic and Social Council
This is the central forum for discussing international economic and social issues. Examples of such issues are standard minimum rules for the treatment of prisoners, measures to rehabilitate an area after a pandemic such as Ebola or education in post-conflict situations.
The Historical Security Council
This is a forum which tackles past problems that have troubled the World Community decades earlier. Countries represent their policy staying true to that specific period of time. The political environment simulated in this committee may vary slightly from real-life geopolitics to enhance the debating experience.
The Human Rights Council
This council tackles issues that concern preservation of human rights (and preventing any violation of them). Common issues on the agenda are combating Inhuman and degrading punishments, abolishment of the death penalty or protecting freedom of press.
United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP)
This UN-agency coordinates environmental activities, assisting developing countries in implementing environmentally sound policies and practices.